In 1914, Howard Carter, funded by Lord Carnarvon, received a concession to excavate in the Valley of the Kings - an Egyptian burial site where pharaohs were laid to rest. A new doorway into the ancient world opened.
Carter began a mission to search for tombs that might have been missed by previous digs. The long and arduous process was interrupted by World War I, and by 1922, his enthusiasm had started to wane. Yet Carter was convinced there were more to find, and he managed to persuade Lord Carnarvon to fund one more season of excavation. On 4 November 1922, as if scripted in a movie, their young water boy accidentally stumbled on a stone that turned out to be the top of a flight of steps, cut into the bedrock. The team started to dig, finding their way to a doorway stamped with Egyptian hieroglyphs.
Inscribed on the outer doorway, Carter found the sign he had been searching for all these years; a cartouche. This was the nameplate of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.